This photo, from an old postcard I have, shows in some detail the elaborate bridle of a Tuareg man's horse. The Tuareg are originally North African, from the area around Libya, being Saharan nomads. The largest Tuareg populations are now in Niger and Mali, in West Africa. The horse appears to be of Barb type.
The dense fringes over the nose help chase off flies, as do the fringes on the reins. There are amulets around the horse's neck, and bells on the sides of the bridle.
As the noseband does not go all the way around and buckle under the chin, like an English noseband, a centerpiece down the front of the face holds it in position.